Chakras: 7 Chakra Basic Introduction

Chakras – Introduction

7 Chakra

A ‘Chakra’ is a Sanskrit word meaning a wheel or a disc. There are total 7 chakras present in our body which moves with the Prana – The Life Force. If you wonder why 7 and not 8 or 6 chakras then read about it at the end of this article. The locations of our chakras correspond with the places in our body where essential systems use a lot of energy which means Chakra provides energy to the part they are located in. So you can also say that the 7 Chakras means ‘Wheels of spinning Energy’.

The chakras themselves are not physical; you can’t see them on an X-ray. They are aspects of consciousness, and they interact with the physical and energetic body through the endocrine system and the nervous system. Each of the seven chakras is associated with one of the nine endocrine glands, and also with a particular group of nerves, called a plexus, making them important elements in healing. No one chakra is better than the others or more important than any other in the process of energy body balancing and chakra healing.

In case any of the chakra has a problem of either spinning too quickly or too slowly, then you will have some health issue. In other words, if you know how to control chakra ’s movement, you’ll master your health too. To learn about chakras, you first need to know what is Prana or the Life Force which moves them. Read about it in my previous blog – here.

Dormant chakras are energetic potentials in the same way a bud is the possibility of a flower. As with a flower, a dormant chakra, given the correct conditions, matures and blooms — but the absolute open, complete state of creative potential is the disappearance of the “bloom,” leaving only free-flowing nadis and fields of energy.

Which are The 7 Chakras, Where are they?

humanenergychakrasystem

The Root ChakraThe 1st Chakra or the Root Chakra, is located at the tailbone area. The Sanskrit name is Muladhara. It represents the foundation or the ground. We can link this with our financial stability which should be strong enough for our survival.

The Sacral Chakra – The 2nd Chakra or the Sacral Chakra, is located in the Lower abdomen, about 2 inches below the navel and 2 inches inside. The Sanskrit name is Svadhisthana. It is related to our ability to feel creative, sexual, and accept changes.

The  Solar Plexus Chakra – The 3rd Chakra or the Solar Plexus Chakra, is located in the upper abdomen in the stomach area. The Sanskrit name is Manipura. It is related to our ability to be confident and in control of our lives.

The Heart Chakra – The 4th Chakra or the Heart Chakra, is located in the center of chest just above the heart. The Sanskrit name is Anahata. It is related to our ability to love.

The Throat Chakra – The 5th Chakra or the Throat Chakra, is located in the throat. The Sanskrit name is Vishuddha. It is related to  our ability to communicate.

The Third Eye Chakra – The 6th Chakra or the Third Eye Chakra, is located in our forehead between the eyes. The Sanskrit name is Ajna. It is related for Intuition, imagination, wisdom and the ability to think and make decisions.

The Crown Chakra – The 7th Chakra or the Crown Chakra, is located at the top of the head. The Sanskrit name is Sahasrara. It is the highest chakra represents our ability to be fully connected spiritually.

Yoga is one way that we can work to strengthen and enhance the flow of our chakra systems. Clearing out clutter in our lives, physically and emotionally, helps to strengthen the flow of our energy. Forgiveness greatly enhances our energetic health. Reiki too helps to strengthen the body’s energetic flow to bring back balance and promotes well being on all levels.

Why 7 numbers of chakras

The number seven is a symbolic representation of the earthly plane. Hindu scriptures declare that our earth is but one in a series of several planes of existence, some belonging to the higher regions and some to the lower. In all there are said to be 14 planes or worlds of which six are above the earth and seven below the earth.

In Vedas, the explanation for all 14 planes are given.

  • the earth (bhur or bhuloka) inhabited by mortal beings,
  • the middle world of air (bhuvarloka) inhabited by celestial beings, and
  • the heavenly world of the sky (suva, svara or svargaloka) inhabited by devas or gods ruled by Indra.

the remaining four worlds, situated above the heavenly world of Indra. They are

  • maharloka (the world of radiant beings),
  • janaloka (the world of deities),
  • tapoloka (the world of pure souls) and
  • satyaloka or Brahmaloka (the world of Truth).

These seven worlds also said to correspond to the seven planes of consciousness or sheaths in our bodies: physical plane (annamayya) with earth, breath plane (pranamaya) with bhuva, mental plane (manomaya) with svarga, the plane of intelligence (vijnanamaya) with mahar, the plane of latent divinities with janah, the radiant plane of spiritual fire with tapo and the supreme consciousness of Atman itself with Brahma.

While there are six planes above the earth, there are seven below:

  • atala
  • vitala
  • sutala
  • mahatala
  • tatatala
  • rasatala 
  • patala

These are darker worlds inhabited by demons and dark forces.

In the human body, which is considered as a symbolic representation of the earth itself, we can find these 14 planes. The higher seven planes also correspond with the seven chakras in the body and seven planets in the solar system. We can see this relationship in the following table:

Chakra Higher World Lower World Body Sheath Higher Organ Lower Organ
Muladhara Earth Atala Anna Navel Hips
Svadhisthana Bhuvah Vitala Prana Abdomen Thighs
Manipura Suvah Sutala Mano Heart Knees
Anahata Mahar Talatala Vignana Throat Calves
Visuddha Jana Rasatala Janah Mouth Ankles
Ajna Tapah Mahatala Tapo Brain Feet
Sahasrara Satya Patala Brahma Top of the skull Soles of the feet

The number seven appears very frequently in Hindu scriptures. The Mundaka Upanishad refers seven tongues (sapta jivhas) or seven flames of Agni, which are Kaali (black), Karaali  (fierce), Manojava (swift as mind), Sulohita (red as iron), Sudhumravarna (smoke-colored), Vishwaruchi  (universally pleasing) and Sphulligini  (sparkling). They are depicted as the seven hands in the iconography of Agni and probably correspond to the seven dhatus (sapta dhatus) of the human body and seven energies (chakras) that awaken during our spiritual practice.

According to the Durga Saptashati, during a fight with one of the demons by name Raktabija, the Mother Goddess, Durga manifested herself into seven forms who are popularly known as saptamatrikas or seven little mothers. They are Brahmani, Maheswari or Sivani, Kaumari, Vaishnavi, Varahi, Chamundi or Narasimhi, and Aindri. As their names suggest they are the energies of Brahma, Siva, Skanda, Vishnu, Varaham, Narasimha and Indra respectively.

According to the tantras these seven shaktis correspond to seven subtle energies in our beings. They are shown below:

Deity or Shakti Energy Form
Brahmi The awakening power that is latent in the Pranava Nada or the primal sound AUM
Vaishnavi The organizing power that creates beauty and symmetry in the beings
Maheswari The concealing power that creates the sense of individuality in the beings
Kaumari The awakening power that creates aspiration for spiritual liberation in the beings and leads them to a guru for enlightenment
Varahi The assimilating power that lets beings enjoy foods and energies of all kinds
Aindri The conscientious power that destroys all the sensory opposition to the perceived moral code
Chamundi The controlling power that destroys all distractions of the mind and facilitates withdrawal and inward concentration.

More about Tantra will be taken in the coming up articles. Here I want you to understand that our body is connected with the Universe (Brahmand) with universal energy and this energy is channeled in our body through our 7 chakras. So to activate and balance these chakras, we need to understand each of them along with the universal energy more deeply. I will try to cover all these topics in my blog one after another.

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