Āgyā Chakra

(I’ve already written one blog on this before, to read that also, please click here. Here I am giving some more information on the Third Eye Chakra)

Āgyā = Command, Knowledge, Wisdom

Agya_Chakra

Āgyā Chakra

Location: the sixth center of force, Āgyā Chakra is located on the physical level in the space in between the eyebrows, at the middle distance. It is also named “the third eye” or “Shiva‘s eye”.

Āgyā Chakra represents the superior mental consciousness, which allows the direct perception of the invisible worlds and the direct perception of the subtler aspects of the manifested universe.

On the physical level: it coordinates the activity of the pituitary gland (hypophysis) and of the cerebellum. The hypophysis has a vital role in the sense that together with the hypothalamus it constitutes the command system of the rest of endocrine glands.

On a psychic level, it controls the superior intuition, clairvoyance, the capacity to anticipate certain events, the instantaneous capacity of perceiving all the qualities of any human being, the extra-sensorial perceptions.

Specific reactions in the case of the harmonious activation of Āgyā Chakra: the harmonious activation of Āgyā Chakra grants mental insight, telepathic capacities, self-control, mental understanding through intellectual identification, creative intelligence.

“The person who focuses intensely and meditates deeply on this charka will destroy gradually the negative effects of his or her previous bad actions, from this life and from the previous lives. The adept becomes a great yogi and a jivanmukta, a liberated person while still alive. He or she will obtain the 8 great paranormal powers (siddhis) and the 32 minor paranormal powers.” (Swami Sivananda)

The Agna is the source of knowing. It is the highest level of discernment. Agna is colorless. This is why Agna is related to vairagya, a state that is colorless or beyond color, which allows you to take on any color without it leaving a trace on you. Suppose we put red, blue or yellow light – everything looks different. Colorless light allows you to see everything clearly, the way it is. Similarly, if you are established in the Agna, you will see everything the way it is.

The meaning of Āgyā or Third Eye is ‘perception’, and it also means ‘become aware of’ and ‘control’. It is associated with the power of thought, imagination, and abstract ideas and controls the entire personality of an individual. A well balanced Third Eye (Āgyā) Chakra displays charisma and intuitive brilliance in a person. An individual with a balanced Third Eye (Āgyā) Chakra possess a calm mind and display clarity of judgment. Blockage in this Chakra may result in disharmony, aggression, stubbornness along with physical ailments like eyes and nose problems, headache and blood circulation issues in the brain.

Āgyā Chakra is located at the upper end of the spinal column, at the point of transition from the spine to the brain. Its radiation is, however, primarily perceptible in the centre of the forehead between the eyebrows. Therefore, it is also known as the “Eyebrow Centre” or “Third Eye”. Another expression for the Āgyā Chakra is “Guru Chakra – the Seat of the Master”.

We do not need to seek truth; it is always in front of us. But in order to recognise it a person needs an open, pure consciousness and clear thoughts. While our mind remains cloudy, like a dirty mirror, we see everything hazily and unclearly. It is only in a purified mind and mature consciousness that Gyānā – wisdom and spiritual knowledge – can be broadened. Until we are capable of anchoring our consciousness in the Āgyā Chakra our mind oscillates constantly between the human Chakras – the Mūlādhāra, Svādhishthāna, Manipūra, Anāhata and Vishuddhi. While we are still lacking in discrimination we should listen to the advice of the Master in order to avoid mistakes.

Scriptures, meditation and higher forms of thinking enable the person to distinguish lower impulses, thoughts and feelings, from nobler forms of thinking, emoting and intuiting, and so one’s thinking is quick and slow at the same time – slow because there is a silent ground of listening, and quick because the capacity to tell right from wrong is already highly developed.

On the other hand, despite all knowledge, understanding and discrimination, the open third eye is also deeply non-conceptual. Its center is in a state of spacious and unlimited listening. It is observant and lucid rather than automatic and reactive – a state which allows a person to be a receptor of “higher”, untainted inner guidance, as well as deep intuition and even super sensory perception.

The gifts of clairvoyance, intuition and telepathy lie in the Āgyā Chakra. When we strengthen the power of concentration and learn to perceive all the energy assembled in the Āgyā Chakra, our mind can receive or transmit knowledge through time and space. The function of the Āgyā Chakra is comparable to a searchlight, which can, through the concentration of light, make things visible at a distance. Those whose Āgyā Chakra is opened are at home in all three worlds – past, present and future.

An important symbol in the picture of the Āgyā Chakra is the SHIVA LINGAM – this is a symbol of creative consciousness. We also encountered this astral symbol in the picture of the Mūlādhāra Chakra, indicating the close relationship between the Mūlādhāra and Āgyā Chakras. In the Mūlādhāra Chakra the Shiva Lingam is black, but in the Āgyā Chakra it has a milky-white or smoky colour. This indicates that the consciousness has to a great degree been purified, but is still not completely pure. It is still pulled in two directions. If the consciousness is led by the intellect it goes towards the lower Chakras and the ego; whereas when guided by Bhakti and Viveka it goes towards the upper Chakras, the Ātmā. If the consciousness turns towards the world it becomes cloudy and dark, but if directed towards the Ātmā it is enlightened and illuminated.

This does not mean that we should withdraw completely from external life. Quite the opposite …. continue to lead your “normal” life; work, eat, sleep, live with your partner, live with your family and enjoy the beauty of life, just like everybody else. Yet, simultaneously remain conscious of your true nature and your divine origin. Perform your spiritual practices daily, and enjoy your existence with a pure mind and clear consciousness.

The Lotus in the Āgyā Chakra has two petals only. They stand for GU (darkness/ignorance) and RU (light/knowledge), the two syllables from which the word GURU (master) is formed. They also bear the Mantras HAM and KSHAM which represent the sun and the moon, the “masculine” and “feminine” principles, Shiva and Shakti, Purusha (consciousness) and Prakriti (nature). When Shiva and Shakti become one we become whole. The union leads to balance, liberation, desirelessness and contentment.

The Mantra syllables HAM and KSHAM also stand for Idā and Pingalā, the two main Nādīs, that are allied to the moon and sun principles in the body. The third, and central, Nādī, Sushumnā, represents the Divine Consciousness.

The Mantra of the Āgyā Chakra is OM, the original sound of creation. This Mantra is the sound of both the Āgyā Chakra and the Sahasrāra Chakra. OM is the sound of the Divine that we hear when the Ātmā expands into infinity and unites with the Supreme. God, the Supreme Self, cannot be comprehended by the intellect or described with words, but can be experienced as vibration – light, sound or energy. God exists as vibration in every atom. The vibration of the Supreme is A-U-M, or OM. This represents the beginning, middle and end; therefore, the whole of creation. When in meditation we become absorbed in this Bīja Mantra we are able to hear the omnipresent, divine vibration of creation.

Āgyā Chakra Opening

Opening the Āgyā Chakra takes place after we have learned the more basic skills of right concentration on truer thoughts and disassociation from disturbing thoughts. Following from these basic skills one can further develop a state of deep silence and listening.

When the mind is properly trained to shift completely from thinking to listening, the third eye becomes highly activated. For this, one needs to learn how to stop using the verbal interpreting and reacting mechanism of the mind and instead move to a state of pure, thoughtless observation.

The best Third Eye Chakra meditations are all about the development of different qualities, functions and states of the mind, starting from the most basic ones, such as concentration techniques. The known Yogic practice of focusing on the air coming in and out through the nostrils, or focusing on a candle-light, are good examples.

Further Exercises that work specifically on the Āgyā Chakra –

  • Nādī Shodhana Prānāyāma (Purification of the Nervous System)
  • Bhūmi Pād Mastakāsana (Head and Feet on the Earth)
  • Yoga Mudrā (Forward Bend Sitting on Heels)
  • Shashankāsana (The Hare)
  • Shirshāsana (Headstand)
  • Nāda Sanchalana (Sound Exercise, eg singing OM)
  • Kapāla Bhāti Prānāyāma (Purification of the Frontal Sinus)
  • Ākāshī Mudrā (Looking to the Sky)
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Anāhata Chakra

Anāhata Nāda = unlimited, infinite sound

anahat-chakra

Anāhata Chakra

Location: the fourth energy center, Anāhata Chakra is located in the physical body in the area of the cardiac plexus.

Represents: compassion, emotional tranquility, detachment and unconditional love.

Symbolic representation: the consciousness of love and empathic communion with other beings, abnegation, self-giving.

On the psychic level: endless and everlasting love for your fellows, compassion, altruism, empathy, acceptance, self-giving.

On the physical level: it coordinates the activity of the circulatory system, respiratory system and immune system.

Specific reactions in the case of energetical disturbance: the person in which the energies characteristic to Anāhata Chakra are disturbed will suffer because of dramatic, even tragic situations. Such people will have problems with the thymus, the endocrine gland corresponding to this center of force.

Characteristic element: the subtle energies of air.

Sense organ: skin.

Sense: tactile sense.

In Sanskrit, Anāhata means “unhurt, unstruck, and unbeaten”. Anāhata Nad refers to the Vedic concept of unstruck sound (the sound of the celestial realm). Anāhata is associated with balance, calmness, and serenity.

The Anāhata Chakra is the seat of love. When our heart opens to divine love, our love becomes infinite. Just as love is infinite, so also is the Anāhata Chakra. “The most beautiful love one can experience is the love of God. He is our eternal lover and our souls are his beloved’s, and when the soul meets the greatest lover in the whole universe, then the divine love begins.” (Paramahansa Yogananda)

The Anāhata Chakra is our inner temple in which the divine Ātmā, “the flame of life”, resides. In the Chandogya Upanishad it is written: “In the centre of the body there is a little shrine surrounded by a wall with eleven doors. Hidden within the shrine a Lotus blossoms, and within this there is a tiny, little room.” What does this tiny room in the heart of the Lotus mean? It is the Ātmā, our true Self. Just as the whole tree is already contained and present within a seed, the essence of the entire cosmos exists in the centre of the Heart Chakra.

Anāhata means “infinite” and “continuous”. In the Anāhata Chakra we hear Anāhata Nāda, SO HAM – “That I am, I am That”; the constant, fundamental sound of the Universe, the eternal vibration of the Self. The sound SO is produced when we inhale & HAM when we exhale.

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Lotus with twelve petals in the Anāhata Chakra

We find a Lotus with twelve petals in the Anāhata Chakra. The twelve petals depict the twelve most important qualities that we are able to develop in the heart centre: Joy, peace, love, harmony, bliss, clarity, purity, compassion, understanding, forgiveness, patience and kindness. The twelve petals are inscribed with the syllables kam, kham, gam, gham, ngam, cham, chham, jam, jham, nyam, tam and tham in Sanskrit. They match the vrittis of lust, fraud, indecision, repentance, hope, anxiety, longing, impartiality, arrogance, incompetence, discrimination and defiance.

The divinities of the Anāhata Chakra are SHIVA and SHAKTI. Inside there is a smoky region at the intersection of two triangles, creating a shatkona. The shatkona is a symbol used in Hindu Yantra, representing the union of male (Purusha) and female (Prakriti). Shiva (or Purusha) is pure consciousness that steers us towards goodness and the Supreme Self. Shakti (or Prakriti) is the Divine power through which consciousness manifests.

The artistic talents like poetry, picture, sounds, etc. are coming through the awakened Anāhata Chakra in which continuous flow of universal love or the language of the heart manifests. The Anāhata Chakra bestows upon us the gift of expressing our thoughts and feelings in touching words, pictures or melodies and thus it is also known as CHINTĀ MANI.

Resentment, desire, obsession, fanaticism and dependency are negative qualities that also cause mischief in the Anāhata Chakra. Only when we have conquered these qualities does the entrance to divine love open for us.

While the Solar Plexus or Manipura chakra is self-oriented, the heart chakra is others-oriented. ‘Others-oriented’ can be explained as the predominant concern for what others want, feel and expect. To be successful and happy in life, both qualities are important. The Solar Plexus chakra and the Heart chakra need to be developed equally. This is called balancing loving-kindness with self-interest.

The gland related to the Anāhata Chakra is the THYMUS GLAND. It is located between the collarbones in the centre of the chest. If one taps this place lightly with the knuckles a few times, it quietens nerves affected by excitement or stress and brings us back into balance again.

The animal symbol of the Anāhata Chakra is a black ANTELOPE. The antelope is fast and powerful, and at the same time delicate and sensitive. With its refined senses it senses danger well in advance. It is vigilant day and night, just as we should be on our spiritual path – always attentive and careful.

In the Anāhata Chakra there are two more important symbols – a SIX-POINTED STAR together with a NEW MOON. Both relate to the changeability we experience in this Chakra. The six-pointed star is formed by two intersecting triangles. The triangle with the tip pointing upwards symbolises the energy (Shakti) that offers us the possibility of raising our state of consciousness. The inverted triangle implies that we can also very easily slip back into the lower Chakras again from the Heart Chakra.

The colour of the Anāhata Chakra is LIGHT BLUE. Blue means spirituality and unity. It is the colour of the clear, cloudless sky, the reflection of purity and infinity. Also, the colour of the flame of a candle is blue in the centre as it is not polluted by smoke. When we purify the fire of the Manipūra its reflection in the Anāhata Chakra is also clear and pure. Sometimes when we are meditating on the Anāhata Chakra we can perceive the radiance from the glow of the Manipūra Chakra as a yellowish-orange colour.

The Tattva of the Anāhata Chakra is VĀYU, the air element and who is smoke-like and four-armed, holding a kusha and riding an antelope. Air forms the basis for movement and expansion and symbolises the breadth and boundlessness of the heart, within which our consciousness is able to expand without restriction. Vāyu is connected physically to the sense of touch and the skin (the organ of touch), and emotionally to the level of feelings. When the heart is touched it can give us a feeling of becoming lost in an ocean of emotions or sinking into our feelings.

The Mantra of the Anāhata Chakra is YAM. It means to let go, to liberate, to give. By the grace of the Guru and through prayer, practising Mantra, Satsang and singing Bhajans we are not only able to clear blockages in the Anāhata Chakra, but also in the Manipūra Chakra and Vishuddhi Chakra.

Until the Anāhata Chakra opens it is not possible for the Āgyā Chakra, the centre of mental energy and power of thought, to develop its full potential. Every action, every word, all feelings and thoughts should be filtered through the Anāhata Chakra and be enlightened by Bhakti (Love) and Gyāna (Wisdom). Gyāna is unable to feel anything without Bhakti, and Bhakti is blind without Gyāna. Where love and knowledge join forces there is completeness. Understanding and kindness leads us directly to God, which is only possible by grace of a Guru.

Yoga & Mudra for Anāhata Chakra

Mountain Pose (Tadasana) With Hands in Anjali Mudra
Upward Salute Pose (Urdhva Hastasana)
Cobra Pose (Bhujangasana)
Child’s pose (Balasana)
Savasana
Cow Face (Gomukhasana)
Eagle (Garudasana)
Camel (Ustrasana)
Fish (Matsyasana)
Cat (Marjaryasana)

Manipūra Chakra

mani = jewel

pūra = place, city

Manipura-Chakra

Manipura Chakra

Location: the third energy center, Manipūra chakra is located in the physical body in the area of the solar plexus.

Represents: expansive consciousness, the will of power.

Symbolic representation: passionate consciousness, dynamism.

On the psychic level: it controls the will, the ego, the individuality, the expansiveness, self-control, practical intelligence.

On the physical level: it coordinates the digestive processes and the activity of the organs in the abdomen.

Specific reactions in the case of energetical disturbance: the person will strongly struggle for personal power and the recognition of one’s own rights even at the expense of other people’s well-being.

Characteristic element: the subtle energies of fire.

Sense organ: eyes.

Sense: sight.

Manipūra Chakra is Located above the navel or slightly below the solar plexus. Manipūra translates from Sanskrit as “resplendent gem” or “lustrous gem”. The qualities like clarity, self-confidence, bliss, wisdom and the ability to make correct decisions (popularly known as “Gut Feeling”)  are the jewels of Manipūra Chakra. It gives you the ability to rise to the occasion in times of need and difficulty or anytime you are challenged.

The person who focuses intensely and meditates on this chakra gains the capacity of discovering secret treasures. The great yogi Swami Shivananda says that “such a person will not be touched by any disease. He or she will not fear fire. Even if such a person stays in the middle of a burning fire, he or she will not die, nor fear death. His or her will and strength are amazing.”

7 chakra representation

Meditation and Chakra positions

The Manipūra Chakra is represented as being a vivid golden yellow in color. The vibrant yellow of this chakra is the magnetic core of the personality promotes creativity, self-confidence & personality, perfect health, increased awareness, intellect, clarity of thought, spirit of adventure, willpower, great curiosity, dynamism, correct assimilation of the food, a high energetic level and the capacity of working long without getting tired. The message of the third chakra is “I control”. The feelings of love and happiness that we feel in our heart actually originate in the Manipūra Chakra and rise from there to the Anāhata Chakra.

 

Element

The Tattva (element) of the Manipūra Chakra is TEJAS (fire), and therefore this Chakra is also known as the Fire or Sun Centre. It is said to govern digestion and metabolism as the home of Agni and the vital wind Samana Vāyu. The energies of Prāna Vāyu and Apāna Vāyu (inward and outward flowing energy) meet at the point in a balanced system. Manipūra is the home of the coeliac plexus, which innervates most of the digestive system. It promotes healthier digestion, elimination, pancreas-kidney and Adrenal function. Weak Agni (fire) in the coeliac plexus leads to incompletely digested food, thoughts and emotions, and is a source of ama (toxicity). The “firewood” for our digestive fire (Jatharāgni) is the food that we eat. Foods that have a strong, positive vibration are grains, nuts, fruit and vegetables. Apart from the fact that meat is detrimental for our physical health it is extremely harmful for our consciousness and has serious karmic consequences. Before we eat we should find out where the food has come from and what qualities it contains. It is not only the nutrients that are important but also the subtle vibrations of the food, which have a marked effect on the body, mind and our spiritual energy. These vibrations can considerably alter our physical wellbeing, our thoughts, feelings and vitality. Together with the meat that we consume we absorb the vibration of the fear of death, the pain and the despair of the animal. This fear sinks into the subconscious and comes to light again in our dreams and meditation.  A basic question we should put to ourselves is: “Is the food we are eating connected with the pain, suffering or death of any living being? A prayer said at the beginning of a meal still does not give us a “karmic licence”. It is unable to protect us from harmful substances or from the karmic consequences that arise from the consumption of meat, due to the slaughter, or from condoning the slaughter, of animals. God is the Creator of all living beings, so how can He be happy when we destroy His Creation?

With an active Manipūra Chakra the body is provided with sufficient energy, even if we have only eaten or slept a little. This is why the Manipūra Chakra is the most important energy centre for our physical well-being. ”

manipura chakra

Symbolic Representation of  Manipura Chakra

 

Symbol

A symbol of the Manipūra Chakra is the ten-petalled Lotus blossom. The petals represent the ten Prānas (currents and energy vibrations) that are regulated by the Manipūra Chakra. Here we are talking about Prāna in the first sense – life force, vitality, that we absorb with the oxygen that we breathe and the food that we eat. The ten Prānas are divided into five Prāna-Vāyus and five Upa Prānas. The five Prāna Vāyus are: PRĀNA, APĀNA, UDĀNA, SAMĀNA and VYĀNA. Prāna is responsible for inhalation, Apāna for exhalation, Udāna for ingestion of food, Samāna for digestion and Vyāna for circulation and nervous system. The five Upa Prānas are: NĀGA, KŪRMA, DEVADATTA, KRIKALA and DHANANJAYA. Nāga controls the function of burping, Kūrma the movement of the eyelids, Devadatta yawning, Krikala sneezing and Dhananjaya nourishes and strengthens the body and stabilises the function of the organs.

There are two basic functions within the body – reception of energy (Prāna) and elimination of waste (Apāna). Prāna is the “receiving power” that enables and controls the supply of energy to the body. Its seat is in the upper body. Through this Prāna we receive oxygen, which is essential for life, and the life force that exists within the air we breathe. Apāna is the “eliminating power” that brings about detoxification through excretion, secretion and exhalation. Its seat is in the lower abdomen. If Apāna Vāyu cannot flow freely then it results in toxicity within the body. The energies of Prāna and Apāna meet at the Manipūra Chakra. Both forces should be able to function freely; disturbances or blockages lead to illness and, in extreme cases, even to death. Through certain advanced Yoga techniques (Kriyās) the energy currents of Prāna and Apāna can be united in the Manipūra Chakra and guided into the Sushumnā Nādī (Central Nervous System). When this occurs the Kundalinī energy rises to the Sahasrāra Chakra and the meditator experiences the state of Samādhi, supreme consciousness.

The animal symbol of the Manipūra Chakra is the RAM, a fiery and lively animal. The animal symbol of a Chakra indicates that at this particular stage of development we are still connected to nature.

Another symbol of the Manipūra Chakra is an inverted TRIANGLE. This symbol is also encountered in the Mūlādhāra Chakra. The downward pointing tip of the triangle symbolises the origin, and the upward spreading sides of the triangle indicate growth and development. The triangle is also a symbol for the flame of the Manipūra Chakra that expands and rises upwards.

Divinities

VISHNU and LAKSHMĪ are the divinities that reside in the Manipūra Chakra. Here Vishnu personifies the progression towards human consciousness, spiritual growth and creativity. Lakshmī is the goddess of wealth and prosperity. This does not refer only to the material, but primarily to health and spiritual prosperity.

Colour

The colour of the Manipūra Chakra is YELLOW-ORANGE and its radiation is GREEN, the complimentary colour of red. It has the colour of a pure flame that gives light and energy and removes all pollutants.

Bīja Mantra

The Bīja Mantra of the Manipūra Chakra is RAM. This sound developed from the vibration caused by the meeting of the Nādīs in this centre. If we sing RAM for some time and specifically allow the “R” to vibrate, we become conscious of a pleasant feeling of warmth and the flow of energy.

The seat of words is in the Manipūra Chakra. The sound begins in the navel, rises to the larynx, and manifests as sound from the lips. Exercises that strengthen and harmonise the Manipūra Chakra are therefore also beneficial for all types of speech impediments.

Simple ways to balance the Manipura Chakra

  • Meditate on the colour yellow
  • Take in a teaspoon of ginger juice
  • Sun bathing or going for a morning walk
  • Learning new things as stimulates your mind
  • Express and don’t repress
  • Be aware when you need to exert and when you need to let go
  • Get on your yoga mats
  • Visualization techniques

Yoga postures to balance Manipura Chakra

  • Naukasana
  • Agnisarkriya
  • Dhanurasana
  • Ushtrasana
  • Chakrasana
  • Paschimottanasana
  • Twists such as Ardha matsyendrasana
  • Uddiyana and Maha Bandha
  • Surya mudra

Affirmations to a content Sense-of-self

Since the solar plexus chakra is closely tied with strength and a healthy sense of self, affirmations that focus on self-acceptance and boundaries are most useful. Some sample affirmations include:

  • I love and respect myself
  • I think, speak and act with wisdom, serenity and courage
  • I live with integrity and respect for myself and others.
  • I am in alignment with the abundant of the universe.
  • I am empowered and empower others.

The gut is the second brain of the body. As, about 90% of the serotonin for the entire body is made and found in the gut. At the beginning of your meditation always concentrate firstly on the Manipūra Chakra. If this energy centre is relaxed then the Mūlādhāra Chakra and Svādhishthāna Chakra will also automatically relax. Then the energy can flow upwards unhindered, streaming outwards and upwards to the heart. Through this you experience a happy and deep meditation. Thus, so much of importance to Manipūra!

 

Svadhishthāna Chakra

Svā = Self

Adhishthāna = seat, residence

Svadhishthāna Chakra is located two finger-widths above the Muladhara Chakra and to the lower belly, a few inches below the navel. “Svadhisthana” holds the energy related to money, relationships and demonstrates compassion and creativity. It corresponds to the sacral vertebrae and the nerve ganglion called the sacral plexus. This plexus hooks into the sciatic nerve and is a center of motion for the body.

It is often called the “seat of life.” It is connected with the sense of taste, (the tongue) and with reproduction (the genitals). Its element is water. Therefore, the chakra corresponds with bodily functions having to do with liquid: circulation, urinary elimination, sexuality and reproduction. With a balanced chakra you will have all these in good health while you will have difficulties in these with a imbalanced chakra.

Swadhisthana_Chakra_2
Svadhishthāna is illustrated as a white lotus (Nelumbo nucifera). It has six vermilion-colored petals inscribed with syllables: बं baṃ, भं bhaṃ, मं maṃ, यं yaṃ, रं raṃ and लं laṃ and these symbols represents the six obstacles on the path of development: Anger, hate, greed, jealousy, cruelty, laziness

Swadhisthana

Inside this lotus is a white crescent moon which represents the water region presided over by the deity Varuna (god of water). The seed mantra, located in the innermost circle, is a moon-white वं vaṃ. Above the mantra that is within the bind, or dot, is the deity Vishnu. He is dark blue and wears a yellow dhoti. He holds a conch, a mace, a wheel and a lotus. He wears the srivatsa mark, and the kaustubha gem. He is seated either on a pink lotus, or on the divine eagle, Garuda. His strength is the goddess Lakini. She is black, dressed in red or white and seated on a red lotus. She is commonly depicted with one face and two arms, holding a sword and a shield, or two faced and four armed, and holds a trident, lotus, drum and vajra, or an arrow, skull, drum and axe.

Svādhishthāna Chakra is represented by ORANGE color which is also the colour for fire and denotes purification, activity, joy, hope and self-confidence.

Svadhishthana_Chakra

The element (Tattva) of the Svādhishthāna Chakra is WATER. Like water, the Kundalinī energy rests in the Mūlādhāra Chakra stiff and motionless, as if “frozen”, and only begins to flow when it reaches the Svādhishthāna Chakra. We need to clear our thoughts and should think in a positive way once the energy starts to flow to protect us from the negativity of imbalance of the mind and other psychic disturbances like aggression, nervousness, restlessness, etc. The idea is to go ahead one step at a time.

The animal symbol of the Svādhishthāna Chakra is the CROCODILE. It represents the Karma lying dormant in the subconscious. The crocodile is lazy and lethargic, but once it becomes active it develops enormous power and speed and can be extremely dangerous. We also should set all our powers into motion when we have a strong desire or longing for something and  should continue with this practise even after we reach to our goal so to prevent ourselves to sink back into the earlier idleness.

The Bija Mantra, the subtle vibration, of the Svādhishthāna Chakra is VĀM. Through concentration on the sound of this Mantra and its inner repetition we are able to awaken the energy of the Chakra, and also bring it back into balance when it has become the victim of impetuosity.

There are two special “jewels” hidden in the Svādhishthāna Chakra that we are able to put to good use: ICCHĀ SHAKTI (willpower) and KRĪYA SHAKTI (vigour/drive). ICCHĀ SHAKTI and KRIYĀ SHAKTI can be awakened and strengthened by Yoga practices. The following powerful energies help us to cultivate these:

PRĀNA SHAKTI – life force, vital force

DHĀRANĀ SHAKTI – power of concentration

CHETANA SHAKTI – power of consciousness

When these three Shaktis combine we are able to turn all our ideas, intentions and wishes into reality. Even though they are purely mental powers, they originate in the body. The free flowing of the Nādīs and the activation of the nerve centres (Chakras) play a big part in this, and Prānāyāma and concentration (eg Trātaka ) are also helpful. Concentration strengthens the mind and Prānāyāma strengthens and purifies the Nervous System. Here, purification means to remove blockages and thus improve and ensure the flow of energy. Concentration acts like a magnet on our consciousness pulling it in one direction only. Through this it is possible to utilise and guide the Prāna Shakti at will. With this our physical and mental nourishment also become very important. Therefore we should foster positive thoughts and only eat wholesome and pure food – no meat, fish, eggs or alcohol, and naturally no drugs.

To control and consciously guide Prāna is a science, similar to higher Mathematics. This energy is like an instrument with whose help we can attain our goal. When the nerve centres have been purified the Chetana Shakti, it develops its full potential and enlightens our consciousness. Once we have awoken this power within us we should also put it to good use, aligning it with our willpower and actions towards the goal of Self-Realisation.

In the course of our life the Kundalinī occasionally awakens and rises to the Svādhishthāna Chakra. However, here it comes up against the barrier of our negative qualities such as envy, desire, jealousy, rage and greed. These block the energy so that it again returns to the Mūlādhāra Chakra. And in this way the consciousness of many people continues to oscillate between the two lowest Chakras without ever being able to rise higher.

People influenced mainly by Svadhishthāna chakra are quite impressionable, have an active and vivid imagination, as well as the aptitude of verbalizing their perceptions, which makes them excellent in the professions involving guiding and healing.

Basic Yoga Asanas, Pranayama, Mudra & Bandha for the Sacral Chakra

Yoga to stimulate and balance energy flow through the Sacral Chakra:

Wide-Angle Seated Forward Bend (Upavistha Konasana) — As this pose stimulates the abdominal organs it also strengthens the spine.

Cow Face (Gomukhasana) — This seated and twist position stretches your chest, arms, shoulders, legs, and core.

One-Legged King Pigeon (Eka Pada Rajakapotasana) — This variation of the pigeon asana stimulates the abdominal organs while stretching the chest, shoulders, and abdomen. 

Bound Angle (Baddha Konasana) — Bound angle stimulates the abdominal organs to dispel energy imbalance.

Revolved Triangle (Parivrtta Trikonasana) — A variation of triangle, this asana stimulates the abdominal organs.

Full Boat (Paripurna Navasana) — This seated asana strengthens your core. 

Chair (Utkatasana) — Adopting this standing pose, which strengthens the abdomen and stimulates abdominal organ function, allows for the opening and activation of the Sacral Chakra.

Pranayama: Dirga (the three part breath) and Kapalabhati

Mudra: Yoni

Bandha: Uddiyana Bandha (upward flying)

Third Eye Chakra

Ajna (Sanskrit: आज्ञा, IAST: Ājñā), or third-eye chakra, is the sixth primary chakra in the body according to Hindu tradition. It is supposedly a part of the brain which can be made more powerful through meditation, yoga and other spiritual practices just as a muscle is. In Hindu tradition, it signifies the subconscious mind, the direct link to the ‘BRAHMAN’. The function of the third eye chakra is driven by the principle of openness and imagination. While a person’s two eyes see the physical world, the third eye is believed to reveal insights about the future. The third eye chakra is said to connect people to their intuition, give them the ability to communicate with the world, or help them receive messages from the past and the future.
 

Location of the Third Eye Chakra:

Third Eye’s superficial location, is believed to be between the eyebrows at the bridge of the nose. The Pineal Gland, deep inside the brain is also associated with Ajna in Hindu tradition, as both are considered a “third eye”. The location makes it a sacred spot where Hindus apply a vermilion bindi to show reverence for it. 
 

The Seed Syllable:

The seed syllable of Ajna is Om, or “Pranava Om”, which is believed to be the basic sound of the world and contains all other sounds. It is considered the supreme sound of the universe. 
 
 
Ajna chakra, is the center where we transcend duality – the duality of a personal “I” separate from the rest of the world.
 

Behavioral characteristics of the Third eye chakra:

Ajna translates as “command” or “perceive” and is considered the eye of intuition and intellect. Its associated sense organ is the brain. When something is seen in the mind’s eye, or in a dream, it is being seen by Ajna. 
 
The Third eye chakra is associated to the pineal gland in charge of regulating bio-rhythms, including sleep and wake time. It’s positioned close to the optical nerves, and as such, sensitive to visual stimulations and changes in lighting.
 
The third eye chakra is associated with the following psychological and behavioral characteristics:
  1. Vision
  2. Intuition
  3. Perception of subtle dimensions and movements of energy
  4. Psychic abilities related to clairvoyance and clairaudience especially access to mystical states, illumination
  5. Connection to wisdom, insight
  6. Motivates inspiration and creativity
 
The third eye chakra is an instrument to perceive the more subtle qualities of reality. It goes beyond the more physical senses into the realm of subtle energies. Awakening your third eye allows you to open up to an intuitive sensibility and inner perception. 
 

The third eye chakra’s images: 

Third eye visions are also often more subtle than regular visions: They may appear a bit “blurry”, ghost-like, cloudy, or dream-like. Sometimes however, the inner visions might be clear like a movie playing in front of your eyes. Sustaining awareness of third eye chakra energy might require focus and the ability to relax into a different way of seeing. When we focus our mind and consciousness, we can see beyond the distractions and illusions that stand before us and have more insight to live and create more deeply aligned with our highest good.
 
It is a bridge that links gurus with disciples while allowing mind communication between two people. Meditation up on Ajna supposedly grants ‘siddhi’, or occult powers, to quickly enter another body at will and to become omniscient. Hindus believe that spiritual energy from the environment enters their body through the Ajna chakra; they take great care to protect it with spiritually positive and protecting forces. 
 

Comparisons with other systems:

In Tibetan Buddhism this chakra is at the end of the central energy channel, which runs up the body to the top of the head, and then over and down, terminating at the forehead. This center is frequently depicted as the third eye in artwork and is used in various meditations. 
 
In Qigong, the highest Dantian is located at this position. This is one of three furnaces that converts the different types of energy in the body. In this Dantian, the spiritual ‘shen’ energy is converted into ‘wuji’, the infinite space of void.
 
Within the system of Lataif-e-sitta, there is a Lataif known as ‘Khafi’, or arcane subtlety, in the same position. This is thought to be related to mystical intuition. According to the ‘Kabbalah’, there are two ‘Sephirot’ located on the sixth level, associated with the left and right parts of the face. They are called ‘Chokmah’ (wisdom) and ‘Binah’ (understanding); it is at these points that the two side pillars of mercy and severity end, while the central pillar carries on rising to ‘kether’, the crown.