Visha = impurity,
poison Shuddhi = purification
Vishuddhi Chakra or throat chakra is the fifth primary chakra according to the Hindu tradition of tantra. It is located in the vicinity of the Larynx – and is therefore also known as the Throat Chakra. It is a center of physical and spiritual purification.
Location: the fifth energy center, Vishuddhi Chakra is located in the physical body in the area of the neck.
Represents: pure consciousness, creativity.
Symbolic representation: it is the dwelling of sound, dreams and the symbol of purity.
On the psychic level: it governs expression, awakening of inspiration, eloquence, archetypal models. This center of force is closely connected to the feeling of acceptance, superior receptivity, and subtle protection.
On the physical level: it coordinates the activity of the vocal cords, the hearing system, pharynges, oesophagus, as well as the spine. The corresponding glands are thyroid and parathyroid. This center of force is connected to the complex process of nourishment.
Specific reactions in the case of energetical disturbance: the person in which the energies characteristic to Vishuddhi Chakra are disturbed will have to face an imbalance at the level of the above-mentioned glands. The emotional factors are nonetheless extremely important in triggering this disease. These factors are translated in symptoms as insomnia, anxiety and depression.
Characteristic element: the subtle energies of ether.
“Intense focus and meditation on the subtle element corresponding to this center of force is defined in the Yoga texts as the special, beatific expansion Akashi Darana. The person who practises this form of meditation will not die, nor disappear at the dissolution of the world. This person obtains the knowledge of the past, present and future as well as the control of the mysterious energies of time.” (Swami Sivananda) – Meditation upon this chakra is said to bring about various siddhis or occult powers: vision of the three periods, past, present and future; freedom from disease and old age; destruction of dangers; and the ability to move the three worlds.
For the purification and balancing, the breath should flow through the chakra. Here at the throat it is a natural process. By using Prāna Shakti with help of the Yoga technique of Prānāyāma , one can have better breath control to remove the harmful residues from the breath and to clear thoughts as well. A wrong thought, emotion, idea, energy, or impulse can poison your life. An active Vishuddhi saves you from all these influences. In other words, once your Vishuddhi is active, whatever happens around you will not have an impact on you anymore. You will be established within yourself. And you tend to become a powerful being.
The Lotus blossom in the Vishuddhi Chakra is described as having a “white color” with sixteen “purple” or “smoke-colored petals.”. These represent the sixteen Siddhis (supernatural powers) that a person can acquire through practising Yoga. Within the pericarp is a sky-blue downward pointing triangle containing a circular white region like the full moon. This represents the element of akasha or “aether.” The number 16 also refers to the sixteen days it takes for the half-moon to grow into the full moon. The moon denotes emotions, change and the female principle. In the Bhagavad Gita (15/13) the moon is described as “the giver of nectar” as it gives nourishment to vegetation. The colour of the Vishuddhi Chakra is VIOLET, the colour of wisdom and spirituality.
The element of the Vishuddhi Chakra is ĀKĀSHA (space). Space opens the possibility for expansion and distribution. This region is represented by the deity Ambara, who is also white in color and is depicted with four arms, holding a noose and a goad. He makes the gestures of granting boons and dispelling fear while seated upon a white elephant. The silver crescent is the lunar symbol of nada, pure cosmic sound. The crescent is symbolic of purity, and purification is a vital aspect of Vishuddha Chakra.
The Lotus in the Vishuddhi Chakra carries the Bīja Mantra HAM – I am. SO HAM means “That am I”. In the Anāhata Chakra we frequently indulge in beautiful emotions, whereas in the Vishuddhi Chakra we begin to become conscious of who we really are. It is here that the real journey towards Self-Realisation and Self-knowledge starts. In the Bindu, or point above the mantra, resides the deity Sadashiva, who has 5 faces, representing the spectrum of smell, taste, sight, touch, and sound and 10 arms. The right half of his body is a white Shiva, and the left half of the body is a golden Shakti. He is holding a trident, chisel, sword, vajra, fire, a great snake, a bell, a goad, and a noose, and is making the gesture of dissipating fear. He is clad in a tiger skin. His Shakti is Shakini, who is shining white, seated on a red lotus, and with five faces, three eyes each, and four-armed, with a bow and arrow, noose, and goad.
The central symbol of the Vishuddhi Chakra is a peaceful white ELEPHANT. In India the white elephant is regarded as a symbol for luck, wealth, power, wisdom, purity and clarity.
Words are developed in three stages: ABDOMEN, THROAT & LIPS. The seat of sound is in the Manipūra Chakra; therefore the origin of speech is in the fire element. Through the energy of fire, sound manifests in the space of the Vishuddhi Chakra, and is articulated as words with the help of the lips (Vaikharī). Every thought, every emotion, should be filtered and purified by consciousness and clarity. In the lower Chakras we are led predominantly by our emotions; the real dawning of consciousness begins first in the Vishuddhi Chakra. In this Chakra we begin to articulate our emotions and desires and, at the same time, also learn how to control them. The process of maturation in the Vishuddhi Chakra governs the aptitude for patience. Through Prānāyāma and Āsanas that have an effect on the Vishuddhi Chakra we can quieten the thoughts and emotions and bring them into harmony. In this way we protect ourselves from rash actions and prevent our words being like knives or arrows and injuring others. Patanjali said that wise men formulate their words clearly and fully before speaking. The ability to be aware of words in their place of genesis – the Manipūra Chakra – is very valuable. Words possess a strong power regardless of whether the effect they create is intentional or not. We should speak fewer rather than too many words, and weigh them up in the heart and the Vishuddhi Chakra before we speak.A very effective Sādhana for learning control over words is silence (MAUNA). All exercises that have an effect on the Vishuddhi Chakra also have a beneficial influence on the voice and speech. That is why work on this Chakra is particularly recommended for writers, poets, journalists, teachers, politicians, actors and singers. VĀK SIDDHI, which bestows a remarkable influential power upon words, is hidden in the Vishuddhi Chakra. With the activation of the Vishuddhi Chakra and practising of the Hatha Yoga technique of TRĀTAKA (concentration on a point), one’s words and glances are given an effective and persuasive power.
Prānāyāma, Yoga & Mudra for Vishuddhi Chakra
- Ujjāyī Prānāyāma
- Jālandhara Bandha
- SARVĀNGĀSANA Shoulderstand
- MATSYĀSANA Fish
- BHUJANGĀSANA Cobra
- USHTRĀSANA Camel
- SETU ĀSANA Bridge
- SHĪRSHĀSANA Headstand
- VIPARĪTKARANĪ MUDRĀ Half Shoulderstand
- HALĀSANA Plough
- YOGA MUDRĀ Forward Bend sitting on Heels
- Khecharī Mudrā